“I am a PTPD Facilitator. We provide support to villages on developing and evaluating their APB Desa [Village Budgets]. We also assist villages use tools to help them with their planning and budgeting,” explained Darmujiadi, who provides technical support to village governments. He is based at the Pangul Sub-District Office in Trenggalek district, East Java.
Since 2015, the Government of Indonesia has increased direct funding fourfold to village governments under a policy of decentralisation. This means that more resources and decision-making power are given to village governments, requiring them to better plan, budget and deliver community services. Based on an analysis by KOMPAK, each village government receives about IDR3.0 million (A$315) per person, or about IDR10-15 billion (A$1-1.5 million) for a village with a population of 5,000.
“One of the main challenges we face is the capacity of village officers. We develop regulations and increase funding, but we need to develop the human resources in the villages to be able to meet these extra demands,” noted Darmujiadi.
This is the role that the technical village governance facilitators – or Pembina Teknis Pemerintahan Desa (PTPD) – fill. They work in partnership with village governments to help them more effectively manage their affairs.
“Before PTPD, the village role was just to do administration and bureaucracy. Now with assistance and monitoring, villages are more focused on performance and improving services for the people,” said Darmujiadi, “We help villages synergise their planning, budgeting and reporting with their implementation. We bring together village officials and go through their APB Desa, RPJMDes [medium-term development plan], and LKAP [annual work plan]. We provide trainings and evaluation support to make sure their funds are going to the priorities in their plans.”
KOMPAK developed the PTPD model of technical assistance in partnership with the Ministry of Home Affairs as part of the broader National Strategy on Strengthening the Capacity of Village Governments, known as PKAD.
While Pangul sub-district is not one of KOMPAK’s target areas, the sub-district government noted the success in neighbouring sub-districts and wanted to copy it.
The Head of the Sub-district Agus Dwi Karyanto explained, “In Pangul, while this isn’t a KOMPAK area, we are very interested in the other areas that we observed PTPD and other activities like SID [village information systems] and local economic development. We asked KOMPAK for help to set up some of these activities. KOMPAK invited us to get trainings on PTPD and the other things. We have now had PTPD since 2019 and we have seen big improvements. The strange thing we have now is that the budget matches the expenditure!”
Four out of 14 sub-districts in Trenggalek district have now adopted the PTPD approach. This will also expand over the coming years as the Government of Indonesia – in partnership with the World Bank and supported by KOMPAK – begins rolling out the approach to 350 additional districts across Indonesia.