South Sulawesi is the most populous province in the island of Sulawesi with population of about 8.0 million people. The poverty rate in South Sulawesi is 9.1%, just below the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018).
Comparatively, South Sulawesi is one of the better performing provinces in Indonesia in terms of poverty reduction. However, the remoteness of certain areas – such as outlying islands – means there are some disparities in access to basic services.
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the Provincial Government of South Sulawesi and two districts: Bantaeng and Pangkajene dan Kepulauan (Pangkep).
KOMPAK’s support to South Sulawesi for 2019-2022 focuses on kecamatan and village strengthening, public financial management, civil registration and vital statistics, basic education services, and local economic development. KOMPAK also supports the district and provincial governments to implement the National Strategy for Stunting Prevention.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in South Sulawesi include:
Operationalising the Ministry of Home Affairs Strategy for Village Apparatus Capacity Development (PKAD), particularly through piloting village government facilitators at the sub-district-level to support village governance.
Piloting and support for replication of the ‘boat class’ approach for children to continue their education while working at sea. This was awarded as one of the top 20 public service innovations in Indonesia by SINOVIK.
Expanding coverage and use of the village information system and kecamatan dashboard so that villages are able to better plan and prioritise services.
Piloting market linkage approach where coffee, seaweed and other local producers are supported to form business groups, develop partnerships with local businesses, and gain access to national buyers.
Three of KOMPAK’s supported models won the 2021 TOP 45 Public Service Innovation Award at the 2021 National Public Service Innovation Competition (SINOVIK) event.
KOMPAK melihat situasi di 18.000 BUMDes yang tercatat di Kementerian Desa, Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi (Kemendesa).
PSPB Infographic 2022
Kelas Perahu Infographic 2022
The Happy Island Healthy Boat service program (PSPB) is an initiative carried out by the Sabutung Health Center, North Liukang Tuppabiring District, under the coordination of the Pangkajene Islands District Government Health Office, South Sulawesi Province. Since 2017, PSPB has aimed to bring basic health services closer to the community in sixteen islands in the working area of the Sabutung Health Center, which are difficult to reach with in-building puskesmas services. The concept of mobile health services (puskesmas) also aims to increase the coverage of puskesmas services, which are expected to contribute to improving the quality of public health at large.
Before LABKD was set up, many of our residents, especially the poor and vulnerable, had no access to any social protection programs— such as elderly residents’ benefits, Family Hope Program and Non-Cash Food Assistance Program —from the Department of Social Services
Innovation of PASH service in educating new parents about the importance of having legal identity documents for their newly family member. This document has legal force that supports the future of the baby. The socialisation was provided by village cadres who have been specially trained to encourage citizens' awareness of ownership of legal identity documents.
The challenging landscapes of Pangkajene and Islands are one of the factors behind the low ownership of population documents. In fact, many residents need it as a condition for applying for social assistance.
Dozens of people gathered at the Saugi Island pier, Mattiro Baji Village, North Liukang Tuppabiring Sub-District, Pangkajene and Islands District, South Sulawesi Province. They gathered in a wooden hut, sheltering themselves from the burning sun.
For many years, villagers of Mattiro Kanja, Liukang Tuppabiring Utara sub-district, Pangkajene Islands (Pangkep) district, were feeling overlooked regarding access to basic health care services.
Pemerataan dan kemudahan layanan administrasi penduduk (adminduk) menjadi salah satu fokum aktivitas KOMPAK di Indonesia. Pasalnya, KOMPAK meyakini bahwa layanan administrasi kependudukan adalah hak setiap warga negara.
The district of Pangkajene and Kepulauan (Pangkep) is known as 'three dimensional' area that surrounded by mountains, lowlands and islands. This creates its own set of challenges in carrying out development activities, especially in the villages. In the island groups, inclusive village development becomes a daunting task for the local government because of the challenging geographic conditions, which requires its own approach and strategy.
The Australian Government through KOMPAK (Kolaborasi Masyarakat dan Pelayanan untuk Kesejahteraan) program, in partnership with the Government of Indonesia, supports the poverty eradication programs in accordance with the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2014-2019.
Usually, these children are reluctant to go back to school due to the feeling that they are way behind the lessons. At the time, teachers clung to the idea that teaching and learning could only be done in the classroom. On the other hand, parents have not actively supported their children’s education. This resulted in the high number of children who were dropping out of school in the islands region. This experience inspired me to develop
The initiative to strengthen the capacity of the BPD and the community, including vulnerable groups, is one of the models KOMPAK has piloted in encouraging the strengthening of social accountability in villages. Since the implementation of the Village Law, many development priorities at the village level have been decided at the village level. Due to the limited channels for community aspirations for village planning, KOMPAK together with the National Secretariat of Fitra pushed for the formation of the Aspirations Post where the community could convey development constraints and priorities that need attention from the village government. On the other hand, the role and function of the BPD is also strengthened through the Village Budget School (Sekar) where the BPD and the community receive training on transparent and inclusive village governance. Furthermore, the resolution of residents' aspirations and complaints is followed up, for example, discussed in the Village Deliberation or Musrenbangdes, escorted into the Village RPJM, Village RKP and Village Budget, or used as the basis for the formulation of Service Declarations, both at the village and supra-village levels.
Kelas Perahu is an approach that tries to bridge the gap between reality and educational policy. This approach is a creative solution for this type of Special Service Education for a group of children living in the islands of Pangkep Regency.
This study is aimed at evaluating the UMD model in order to get the main learning points for increasing the effectiveness and dissemination of the UMD model in the future. The evaluation was carried out in three provinces, Aceh, East Java, and South Sulawesi where KOMPAK had supported the previous UMD model KKN trials. During the trial, the universities that received support were the Ar-Raniry State Islamic University (UIN) Banda Aceh in Aceh, Jember University (UNEJ) in East Java, Parahyangan Catholic University in West Java and UIN Alauddin Makassar in South Sulawesi. In South Sulawesi, the scope of this evaluation was expanded to see lessons learned in the implementation of the UMD model of KKN in Pangkajene and Islands (Pangkep) districts which specifically received technical support from KOMPAK. The Pangkep Government has signed an agreement on the implementation of the Thematic KKN UMD with a number of universities and invited KKN students from UNEJ to implement the UMD model. In this evaluation, the research team interviewed 61 respondents (40 male respondents, 21 female respondents), and made direct observations in seven villages in three provinces where UMD activities were carried out by University partner.