South Sulawesi is the most populous province in the island of Sulawesi with population of about 8.0 million people. The poverty rate in South Sulawesi is 9.1%, just below the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018).
Comparatively, South Sulawesi is one of the better performing provinces in Indonesia in terms of poverty reduction. However, the remoteness of certain areas – such as outlying islands – means there are some disparities in access to basic services.
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the Provincial Government of South Sulawesi and two districts: Bantaeng and Pangkajene dan Kepulauan (Pangkep).
KOMPAK’s support to South Sulawesi for 2019-2022 focuses on kecamatan and village strengthening, public financial management, civil registration and vital statistics, basic education services, and local economic development. KOMPAK also supports the district and provincial governments to implement the National Strategy for Stunting Prevention.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in South Sulawesi include:
Operationalising the Ministry of Home Affairs Strategy for Village Apparatus Capacity Development (PKAD), particularly through piloting village government facilitators at the sub-district-level to support village governance.
Piloting and support for replication of the ‘boat class’ approach for children to continue their education while working at sea. This was awarded as one of the top 20 public service innovations in Indonesia by SINOVIK.
Expanding coverage and use of the village information system and kecamatan dashboard so that villages are able to better plan and prioritise services.
Piloting market linkage approach where coffee, seaweed and other local producers are supported to form business groups, develop partnerships with local businesses, and gain access to national buyers.
KOMPAK melihat situasi di 18.000 BUMDes yang tercatat di Kementerian Desa, Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi (Kemendesa).
Innovation in discovering sustainable economic potential which carried out through collaborative Community Service programs (KKN) to reactivate neglected village assets.
Dozens of people gathered at the Saugi Island pier, Mattiro Baji Village, North Liukang Tuppabiring Sub-District, Pangkajene and Islands District, South Sulawesi Province. They gathered in a wooden hut, sheltering themselves from the burning sun.
For many years, villagers of Mattiro Kanja, Liukang Tuppabiring Utara sub-district, Pangkajene Islands (Pangkep) district, were feeling overlooked regarding access to basic health care services.
Pemerataan dan kemudahan layanan administrasi penduduk (adminduk) menjadi salah satu fokum aktivitas KOMPAK di Indonesia. Pasalnya, KOMPAK meyakini bahwa layanan administrasi kependudukan adalah hak setiap warga negara.
The district of Pangkajene and Kepulauan (Pangkep) is known as 'three dimensional' area that surrounded by mountains, lowlands and islands. This creates its own set of challenges in carrying out development activities, especially in the villages. In the island groups, inclusive village development becomes a daunting task for the local government because of the challenging geographic conditions, which requires its own approach and strategy.
The Australian Government through KOMPAK (Kolaborasi Masyarakat dan Pelayanan untuk Kesejahteraan) program, in partnership with the Government of Indonesia, supports the poverty eradication programs in accordance with the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2014-2019.
Birth registration provides the basis for population data. Previous studies have examined that collaboration between the health sector and civil registration can help improve birth registration rate. However, there was a little exploration into health workers’ understanding of civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) and their perceived role in it. This study aims to fill this gap by focusing on the perspective of both health personnel in a managerial position and those who are involved in direct service provision to the community. Finally, we discussed the opportunities and challenges to strengthen the birth registration presented by health workers’ diverse views.
This note draws on a longitudinal study (Sentinel Villages) that investigated the patterns of participation, transparency and accountability under Village Law between 2015 and 2018. The findings from this research indicate that, since the introduction of Village Law, levels of community participation in village meetings (musdes), while relatively stable, continue to be low at around 16%. Participation patterns are also not broad-based and inclusive, with participation mostly from the elites (male, well off and socially engaged), and limited participation from women or other marginalized groups. Since 2014, village governments have improved on key metrics of transparency, disclosing and sharing more information. However, there was an overall low level of awareness at the village level on village programs, budgets, and plans. Under Village Law, systems of upward accountability and reporting have been strengthened. This has not been matched with similar progress on systems of downward (social) accountability to the community. Strengthening participation, transparency and accountability, necessitates each actor to play its role effectively, and particularly realising the full potential and role of the village community, facilitators, and the Village Council (Badan Permusyawarahan Desa or BPD).
The role of the local government in village development is largely defined by the Local Government Law (UU 23/2014), which forms the legal basis for local government regulations related to organization and functions of local technical agencies in providing guidance and supervision to village governments. Both the Village Law (UU 6/2014) and Local Government Law (UU 23/2014), which were passed in the same year, define authorities of village governments and local governments, respectively. However, these two laws provide different guidance on the role of local governments in supporting and supervising village governments. The Local Government Law and its derivative regulations mandate a critical role of district government agencies to oversee villages (particularly the District Agency for Village Community Empowerment and Sub-district), which differentiates the role of district government and villages related to village and community empowerment affairs. Current efforts to align the Local Autonomy Law and Village Law through a revised government regulation on concurrent government affairs are expected to address the gaps and conflicts in these laws. In the meantime, some district governments have initiated local regulations and positioned the local government as a critical facilitator for village development.