Papua Barat and Papua are among the wealthiest provinces in Indonesia, but also have some of the highest rate of poverty. Papua Barat is the smaller of the two provinces, with a population of 900 thousands. The poverty rate for Papua Barat is 23%, more than the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018).
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the provincial governments of Papua Barat and Papua through the LANDASAN Program. LANDASAN is an approximately A$2.5 million per annum program implemented by BaKTI, a KOMPAK partner, designed to address gaps in the capacity of service units (health centres and schools) and village governments to help improve access to and quality of frontline services in the Papua and Papua Barat provinces.
The focus for LANDASAN in 2019 onwards is to further expand and institutionalise village information systems – particularly in finalising capacity building packages (training materials, manuals, standard operation procedures and the like) – and supporting local governments and service units in planning, budgeting and the implementation of the minimum service standards (MSS) for health and education.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Papua Barat include:
Piloting village and sub-district information systems – known as SAIK and SAID in the Papua region. These have been getting more buy-in from government stakeholders. In Papua Barat, the provincial government has indicated its commitment to implement the system in all 1,742 villages.
Providing technical assistance to district governments on integrating the minimum service standards for health and education into planning and budgeting documents and using poverty analysis tools to better target social protection programs. KOMPAK has also been supporting schools and health centres to incorporate the MSS into their work-planning, standard operating procedures and monitoring systems.
Providing technical assistance to implement the recommendations from an evaluation on Otsus Fund utilisation by the Papua and Papua Barat provincial governments.
The governments of Papua and Papua Barat Provinces, in cooperation with KOMPAK (an Australian-Indonesian government partnership program) organised Land of Papua Inspiration Forum with the theme “Good Collaborative Practices to Accelerate Welfare Improvement in the Land of Papua” on Wednesday, 9 March 2022. The event aimed to promote good practices and innovations that have been implemented in Papua and Papua Barat.
For two days (22 to 24 January 2018), representatives from key government agencies of Papua and Papua Barat visited Banda Aceh and Calang, Aceh Jaya to share information and discuss Otsus Funds implementation challenges to find new ways to collaborate. Three districts from Papua that also participated are Jayapura, Lanny Jaya and Paniai.
Minimum Service Standards for Basic Education (SPM Dikdas) is one of the benchmark of performance for basic services in education. Regulation of Minister of Education and Culture No. 23 of 2013 stipulates that the provision of basic education that is in line with Minimum Service Standards (MSS) shall fall under the jurisdiction of District/Municipality governments.
Papua and West Papua Program Catalog
KOMPAK together with local governments in 7 provinces will hold a series of good practice sharing activities/Inspiration Forums. Get information about the implementation date on this website. This event can be followed through the Youtube account of each province.
The LANDASAN Phase 2 program introduced the Village Administration and Information System (SAIK) to 205 villages and the District Administration System to 24 districts in Papua
The residents of Waroser Village can now breathe a sigh of relief, because cases of misaddressed social assistance no longer occur. They can already enjoy the benefits of government assistance and development programs thanks to an accurate population data system.
“We believe that the data in the Village Administration and Information System, or SAIK Plus, is accurate and always up to date as it is managed by the cadres of the local village. The system is a reliable source for the local government to plan development programs,” explained Markus Waran, District Head of Manokwari Selatan.
Scores of students gathered in the back yard of Gwereshera Elementary School in Kaimana district, Papua Barat. They were busy with their hoes, shovels, and watering cans, learning how to plant cassava from officials from the Kaimana District Agricultural Office. For children, learning through practice is fun and effective.
“Data is the basis of development planning, as well as the proof of development,” explains Hengky Veky Tewu, who is an assistant regional secretary of South Manokwari district, in Papua Barat. Unfortunately, according to Hengky, good data is a luxury for many areas of Papua and Papua Barat.
The Papua Special Autonomy Law (UU No. 21/2001) recognizes the importance of promoting GESI by emphasizing the basic principles of GESI to support development efforts in Papua in order to benefit all Papuans, especially women and indigenous peoples. The application of these principles can be seen in the BANGGA Papua Program Document (2017) where the GESI principles are systematically included as goals in all efforts and interventions in the program, starting from socialization, training and technical assistance, to ensuring that GESI elements are incorporated into the program. systems/mechanisms such as monitoring and evaluation and management information systems.
KOMPAK supports the development of a Village Information System (SID) in accordance with the mandate of the Village Law. The SIDs developed at KOMPAK assisted locations are designed to provide village profile information, poverty and population data and facilitate mail services, population administration, and others. In some locations, the information system built can manage information on children who are not in school (dropping out), data on pregnant women, and specific needs for regional development, such as Papuan Orang Asli (OAP) data. The SIDs that have been developed and used by villages in KOMPAK assisted areas provide many benefits for strengthening data for services, improving planning, and budgeting. The implementation of this good practice requires local government support, including through the provision of policies, programs, budgets, as well as facilitators/implementers at the local level.
The Otsus policy for Papua and Papua Barat, based on Law (UU) No. 21 of 2001, is ending in 2021. Meanwhile, the poverty rate in Papua is still the highest in Indonesia with significant gap in achieving quality development outcomes compared to other regions. Improved planning and implementing mechanisms are needed to accelerate the achievement of development targets in Tanah Papua. To that end, KOMPAK conducted a study on, “Extension Options for Special Autonomy Fund 2022–2041: Towards a Prosperous and Self-Sufficient Tanah Papua.” The study analyzed options for the sustainability of the Special Autonomy Fund in Tanah Papua after 2021.