Papua Barat and Papua are among the wealthiest provinces in Indonesia, but also have some of the highest rate of poverty. Papua Barat is the smaller of the two provinces, with a population of 900 thousands. The poverty rate for Papua Barat is 23%, more than the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018).
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the provincial governments of Papua Barat and Papua through the LANDASAN Program. LANDASAN is an approximately A$2.5 million per annum program implemented by BaKTI, a KOMPAK partner, designed to address gaps in the capacity of service units (health centres and schools) and village governments to help improve access to and quality of frontline services in the Papua and Papua Barat provinces.
The focus for LANDASAN in 2019 onwards is to further expand and institutionalise village information systems – particularly in finalising capacity building packages (training materials, manuals, standard operation procedures and the like) – and supporting local governments and service units in planning, budgeting and the implementation of the minimum service standards (MSS) for health and education.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Papua Barat include:
Piloting village and sub-district information systems – known as SAIK and SAID in the Papua region. These have been getting more buy-in from government stakeholders. In Papua Barat, the provincial government has indicated its commitment to implement the system in all 1,742 villages.
Providing technical assistance to district governments on integrating the minimum service standards for health and education into planning and budgeting documents and using poverty analysis tools to better target social protection programs. KOMPAK has also been supporting schools and health centres to incorporate the MSS into their work-planning, standard operating procedures and monitoring systems.
Providing technical assistance to implement the recommendations from an evaluation on Otsus Fund utilisation by the Papua and Papua Barat provincial governments.
For two days (22 to 24 January 2018), representatives from key government agencies of Papua and Papua Barat visited Banda Aceh and Calang, Aceh Jaya to share information and discuss Otsus Funds implementation challenges to find new ways to collaborate. Three districts from Papua that also participated are Jayapura, Lanny Jaya and Paniai.
Minimum Service Standards for Basic Education (SPM Dikdas) is one of the benchmark of performance for basic services in education. Regulation of Minister of Education and Culture No. 23 of 2013 stipulates that the provision of basic education that is in line with Minimum Service Standards (MSS) shall fall under the jurisdiction of District/Municipality governments.
“We believe that the data in the Village Administration and Information System, or SAIK Plus, is accurate and always up to date as it is managed by the cadres of the local village. The system is a reliable source for the local government to plan development programs,” explained Markus Waran, District Head of Manokwari Selatan.
Scores of students gathered in the back yard of Gwereshera Elementary School in Kaimana district, Papua Barat. They were busy with their hoes, shovels, and watering cans, learning how to plant cassava from officials from the Kaimana District Agricultural Office. For children, learning through practice is fun and effective.
“Data is the basis of development planning, as well as the proof of development,” explains Hengky Veky Tewu, who is an assistant regional secretary of South Manokwari district, in Papua Barat. Unfortunately, according to Hengky, good data is a luxury for many areas of Papua and Papua Barat.
The LANDASAN Program aims to improve the quality of basic services and access of people in Papua and West Papua to basic services in the fields of health, education and quality civil registration. Activities undertaken in the January-March 2020 period include finalisation of the village target for the implementation of SAIK +, training of cadres and SAIK + institutional training, and the creation of a synergy module for village planning with service units.
The October-December 2019 period is the second quarter of the implementation of LANDASAN in the new design. Some essential activities to start the initial sequence of the synergy model cycle, as well as activities related to Civil Registration and Vital Statistic (CRVS) were the main activities in this period. Besides, the involvement and support of operations in coordination with the KOMPAK National Team and KOMPAK Papua and Papua Barat were also part of the plan of the LANDASAN team in this period.
This note draws on a longitudinal study (Sentinel Villages) that investigated the patterns of participation, transparency and accountability under Village Law between 2015 and 2018. The findings from this research indicate that, since the introduction of Village Law, levels of community participation in village meetings (musdes), while relatively stable, continue to be low at around 16%. Participation patterns are also not broad-based and inclusive, with participation mostly from the elites (male, well off and socially engaged), and limited participation from women or other marginalized groups. Since 2014, village governments have improved on key metrics of transparency, disclosing and sharing more information. However, there was an overall low level of awareness at the village level on village programs, budgets, and plans. Under Village Law, systems of upward accountability and reporting have been strengthened. This has not been matched with similar progress on systems of downward (social) accountability to the community. Strengthening participation, transparency and accountability, necessitates each actor to play its role effectively, and particularly realising the full potential and role of the village community, facilitators, and the Village Council (Badan Permusyawarahan Desa or BPD).