Papua and Papua Barat are among the wealthiest provinces in Indonesia, but also have some of the highest rate of poverty. Papua is the larger of the two provinces, with a population of about 3.5 million people.
The poverty rate for Papua is 28%, more than the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018). Of KOMPAK target districts, eight of the bottom ten in terms of poverty rates were in the Papua region. Three districts – Lanny Jaya, Nabire and Boven Digoel – also had higher rates of poverty in 2018 compared to 2014.
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the provincial governments of Papua and Papua Barat through the LANDASAN Program. LANDASAN is an approximately A$2.5 million per annum program implemented by BaKTI, a KOMPAK partner, designed to address gaps in the capacity of service units (health centres and schools) and village governments to help improve access to and quality of frontline services in the Papua and Papua Barat provinces.
The focus for LANDASAN in 2019 onwards is to further expand and institutionalise village information systems – particularly in finalising capacity building packages (training materials, manuals, standard operation procedures and the like) – and supporting local governments and service units in planning, budgeting and the implementation of the minimum service standards (MSS) for health and education.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Papua and Papua Barat include:
Piloting village and sub-district information systems – known as SAIK and SAID in the Papua region. These have been getting more buy-in from government stakeholders. In Papua Barat, the provincial government has indicated its commitment to implement the system in all 1,742 villages. KOMPAK is also advocating to provincial and district governments in Papua to fund the initiative.
Providing technical assistance to district governments on integrating the minimum service standards for health and education into planning and budgeting documents and using poverty analysis tools to better target social protection programs. KOMPAK has also been supporting schools and health centres to incorporate the MSS into their work-planning, standard operating procedures and monitoring systems.
Partnering with MAHKOTA, another Australian-funded program, to support the Provincial Government of Papua to deliver the BANGGA Papua Universal Child Grant Program, where poor families receive cash grants and education on child health and nutrition.
Providing technical assistance to implement the recommendations from an evaluation on Otsus Fund utilisation by the Papua and Papua Barat provincial governments.
The BANGGA Papua program acknowledges how crucial the role of mothers is: they are considered the ones who know best regarding their children's health and nutritional needs.
For two days (22 to 24 January 2018), representatives from key government agencies of Papua and Papua Barat visited Banda Aceh and Calang, Aceh Jaya to share information and discuss Otsus Funds implementation challenges to find new ways to collaborate. Three districts from Papua that also participated are Jayapura, Lanny Jaya and Paniai.
“Many of our residents do not receive the benefits they deserve [from proper service delivery] because of unsynchronized data between different levels of government.”
"The messages on health and nutrition for mothers have been very helpful for us in the village," explained Marike Gobay, the former head of the health centre in Bibida Sub-district, Papua province. “I have enormous hopes for the BANGGA Papua program because I have seen firsthand how it helped increase awareness about good nutrition practices for mothers. They also received the money to buy nutritious food for their children."
Syuru is a village located on the southern edge of the town of Agats, the capital of Asmat district in Papua. Just a 10-minute walk from the centre of Agats. Syuru is similar to other areas in Asmat district, built on a swamp, muddy and affected by tides. Most of the villagers earn their living as fishermen and farmers.
“Data is the basis of development planning, as well as the proof of development,” explains Hengky Veky Tewu, who is an assistant regional secretary of South Manokwari district, in Papua Barat. Unfortunately, according to Hengky, good data is a luxury for many areas of Papua and Papua Barat.
This feasibility study was conducted to find out whether blockchain and other technology trials could be carried out to help implement the BANGGA Papua program. To answer this, we collected data by conducting desk reviews, interviews, and field observations, to describe the existing business processes. Furthermore, it was necessary to identify what kind of technology use could reduce the gap between the expected situation and the current situation in the field. The conclusion of this study is that improvement in the implementation of BANGGA Papua is needed, by using the appropriate technologies, as summarised in the following three recommendations. The first recommendation is for the continued development of the BANGGA Papua Management Information System (MIS) by adding features and data integration, so that the registration process and determination of beneficiaries are more efficient. The second is for the use of biometrics to improve the quality of verification and validation of beneficiaries in the field. The third is for the monitoring of beneficiary transactions at the location of expenditure, so that the funds channelled can be monitored for further evaluation.
This book consists of two major sections which are grouped according to their target audience and each of these major sections is further divided into three small sections according to sector. This is intended to make it easier for users of this book to be able to select and focus on their needs in implementing it, considering that this book is intended as a practical step-by-step guide in implementing village planning synergies and service units. The planning synergy series books are also designed so that each unit / section / module used for a specific purpose and user can be removed into an independent part so that it is practical and free to carry for its users as needed. As a guide in the implementation of the planning process, the guidelines in this book refer to general rules and policies that apply to planning in villages, Puskesmas and primary schools at this time. However, the emphasis is on building patterns and thought processes to solve problems according to actual needs in society, not on filling out the formats. Thus the process of planning thinking patterns to solve this problem can be applied to any problem conditions that are being faced, either in normal conditions or in certain situation / problem conditions. This thought process is applied through the implementation of a systematic series of activities. The steps for carrying out these activities are indeed directed systematically, but do not limit the way the team works in carrying it out. So that the way of implementing these steps can and needs to be adapted to certain conditions or protocols required when faced with certain situations.
The LANDASAN II program aims to improve the quality of basic services and community access in Papua and Papua Barat in health, education and civil registration. The activities undertaken in the April-June 2020 period included: SAIK+ training, SIO Papua, mentoring for village teams, school teams and community health centre teams.