About Papua

Papua and Papua Barat are among the wealthiest provinces in Indonesia, but also have some of the highest rate of poverty. Papua is the larger of the two provinces, with a population of about 3.5 million people. 

The poverty rate for Papua is 28%, more than the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018). Of KOMPAK target districts, eight of the bottom ten in terms of poverty rates were in the Papua region. Three districts – Lanny Jaya, Nabire and Boven Digoel – also had higher rates of poverty in 2018 compared to 2014.

KOMPAK in Papua

Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the provincial governments of Papua and Papua Barat through the LANDASAN Program. LANDASAN is an approximately A$2.5 million per annum program implemented by BaKTI, a KOMPAK partner, designed to address gaps in the capacity of service units (health centres and schools) and village governments to help improve access to and quality of frontline services in the Papua and Papua Barat provinces. 

The focus for LANDASAN in 2019 onwards is to further expand and institutionalise village information systems – particularly in finalising capacity building packages (training materials, manuals, standard operation procedures and the like) – and supporting local governments and service units in planning, budgeting and the implementation of the minimum service standards (MSS) for health and education.

Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Papua and Papua Barat include:

  • Piloting village and sub-district information systems – known as SAIK and SAID in the Papua region. These have been getting more buy-in from government stakeholders. In Papua Barat, the provincial government has indicated its commitment to implement the system in all 1,742 villages. KOMPAK is also advocating to provincial and district governments in Papua to fund the initiative. 

  • Providing technical assistance to district governments on integrating the minimum service standards for health and education into planning and budgeting documents and using poverty analysis tools to better target social protection programs. KOMPAK has also been supporting schools and health centres to incorporate the MSS into their work-planning, standard operating procedures and monitoring systems.

  • Partnering with MAHKOTA, another Australian-funded program, to support the Provincial Government of Papua to deliver the BANGGA Papua Universal Child Grant Program, where poor families receive cash grants and education on child health and nutrition.

  • Providing technical assistance to implement the recommendations from an evaluation on Otsus Fund utilisation by the Papua and Papua Barat provincial governments.

Accurate Data to Accelerate Welfare Improvement in the Land of Papua

The governments of Papua and Papua Barat Provinces, in cooperation with KOMPAK (an Australian-Indonesian government partnership program) organised Land of Papua Inspiration Forum with the theme “Good Collaborative Practices to Accelerate Welfare Improvement in the Land of Papua” on Wednesday, 9 March 2022. The event aimed to promote good practices and innovations that have been implemented in Papua and Papua Barat.

BANGGA Papua: Empowering Papuan Women

The BANGGA Papua program acknowledges how crucial the role of mothers is: they are considered the ones who know best regarding their children's health and nutritional needs.

Otonomi Khusus (OTSUS) Cross-Learning Between Aceh, Papua And Papua Barat Provinces

For two days (22 to 24 January 2018), representatives from key government agencies of Papua and Papua Barat visited Banda Aceh and Calang, Aceh Jaya to share information and discuss Otsus Funds implementation challenges to find new ways to collaborate. Three districts from Papua that also participated are Jayapura, Lanny Jaya and Paniai.

Good Practice
Papua and West Papua Program Catalog

Papua and West Papua Program Catalog

Good Practice
KOMPAK Inspiration Forum: Share and Inspire

KOMPAK together with local governments in 7 provinces will hold a series of good practice sharing activities/Inspiration Forums. Get information about the implementation date on this website. This event can be followed through the Youtube account of each province.

Good Practice
Data-Based Development Planning in Papua and West Papua

The LANDASAN Phase 2 program introduced the Village Administration and Information System (SAIK) to 205 villages and the District Administration System to 24 districts in Papua

Story of Change
BANGGA Papua: Laying the Foundation for the Golden Generation of Papua

By improving Papuan children’s nutrition and health quality will provide a “Golden Generation of Papua” who will develop and nurture the ‘Land of Papua’.

Story of Change
Thanks to BANGGA Papua, This Child Grows Healthy

"The messages on health and nutrition for mothers have been very helpful for us in the village," explained Marike Gobay, the former head of the health centre in Bibida Sub-district, Papua province. “I have enormous hopes for the BANGGA Papua program because I have seen firsthand how it helped increase awareness about good nutrition practices for mothers. They also received the money to buy nutritious food for their children."

Story of Change
Pioneering the Creation of the Schools’ Movement for Change in Asmat District, Papua

Syuru is a village located on the southern edge of the town of Agats, the capital of Asmat district in Papua. Just a 10-minute walk from the centre of Agats. Syuru is similar to other areas in Asmat district, built on a swamp, muddy and affected by tides. Most of the villagers earn their living as fishermen and farmers.

Story of Change
Data to Improve Village Services

“Data is the basis of development planning, as well as the proof of development,” explains Hengky Veky Tewu, who is an assistant regional secretary of South Manokwari district, in Papua Barat. Unfortunately, according to Hengky, good data is a luxury for many areas of Papua and Papua Barat.

Publication > Evaluation Report
Progress Report: Strengthening Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in the BANGGA Papua Program

The Papua Special Autonomy Law (UU No. 21/2001) recognizes the importance of promoting GESI by emphasizing the basic principles of GESI to support development efforts in Papua in order to benefit all Papuans, especially women and indigenous peoples. The application of these principles can be seen in the BANGGA Papua Program Document (2017) where the GESI principles are systematically included as goals in all efforts and interventions in the program, starting from socialization, training and technical assistance, to ensuring that GESI elements are incorporated into the program. systems/mechanisms such as monitoring and evaluation and management information systems.

Publication > Technical Guidelines and Policy Paper
Guidelines for Facilitating Replication and Institutionalization Development of Village Information System (SID)

KOMPAK supports the development of a Village Information System (SID) in accordance with the mandate of the Village Law. The SIDs developed at KOMPAK assisted locations are designed to provide village profile information, poverty and population data and facilitate mail services, population administration, and others. In some locations, the information system built can manage information on children who are not in school (dropping out), data on pregnant women, and specific needs for regional development, such as Papuan Orang Asli (OAP) data. The SIDs that have been developed and used by villages in KOMPAK assisted areas provide many benefits for strengthening data for services, improving planning, and budgeting. The implementation of this good practice requires local government support, including through the provision of policies, programs, budgets, as well as facilitators/implementers at the local level.

Programmatic Research
Extension Options For The Special Autonomy Fund 2022–2041: Towards a Prosperous and Self-Sufficient Tanah Papua

The Otsus policy for Papua and Papua Barat, based on Law (UU) No. 21 of 2001, is ending in 2021. Meanwhile, the poverty rate in Papua is still the highest in Indonesia with significant gap in achieving quality development outcomes compared to other regions. Improved planning and implementing mechanisms are needed to accelerate the achievement of development targets in Tanah Papua. To that end, KOMPAK conducted a study on, “Extension Options for Special Autonomy Fund 2022–2041: Towards a Prosperous and Self-Sufficient Tanah Papua.” The study analyzed options for the sustainability of the Special Autonomy Fund in Tanah Papua after 2021.