Papua and Papua Barat are among the wealthiest provinces in Indonesia, but also have some of the highest rate of poverty. Papua is the larger of the two provinces, with a population of about 3.5 million people.
The poverty rate for Papua is 28%, more than the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018). Of KOMPAK target districts, eight of the bottom ten in terms of poverty rates were in the Papua region. Three districts – Lanny Jaya, Nabire and Boven Digoel – also had higher rates of poverty in 2018 compared to 2014.
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the provincial governments of Papua and Papua Barat through the LANDASAN Program. LANDASAN is an approximately A$2.5 million per annum program implemented by BaKTI, a KOMPAK partner, designed to address gaps in the capacity of service units (health centres and schools) and village governments to help improve access to and quality of frontline services in the Papua and Papua Barat provinces.
The focus for LANDASAN in 2019 onwards is to further expand and institutionalise village information systems – particularly in finalising capacity building packages (training materials, manuals, standard operation procedures and the like) – and supporting local governments and service units in planning, budgeting and the implementation of the minimum service standards (MSS) for health and education.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Papua and Papua Barat include:
Piloting village and sub-district information systems – known as SAIK and SAID in the Papua region. These have been getting more buy-in from government stakeholders. In Papua Barat, the provincial government has indicated its commitment to implement the system in all 1,742 villages. KOMPAK is also advocating to provincial and district governments in Papua to fund the initiative.
Providing technical assistance to district governments on integrating the minimum service standards for health and education into planning and budgeting documents and using poverty analysis tools to better target social protection programs. KOMPAK has also been supporting schools and health centres to incorporate the MSS into their work-planning, standard operating procedures and monitoring systems.
Partnering with MAHKOTA, another Australian-funded program, to support the Provincial Government of Papua to deliver the BANGGA Papua Universal Child Grant Program, where poor families receive cash grants and education on child health and nutrition.
Providing technical assistance to implement the recommendations from an evaluation on Otsus Fund utilisation by the Papua and Papua Barat provincial governments.
The BANGGA Papua program acknowledges how crucial the role of mothers is: they are considered the ones who know best regarding their children's health and nutritional needs.
For two days (22 to 24 January 2018), representatives from key government agencies of Papua and Papua Barat visited Banda Aceh and Calang, Aceh Jaya to share information and discuss Otsus Funds implementation challenges to find new ways to collaborate. Three districts from Papua that also participated are Jayapura, Lanny Jaya and Paniai.
“Many of our residents do not receive the benefits they deserve [from proper service delivery] because of unsynchronized data between different levels of government.”
"The messages on health and nutrition for mothers have been very helpful for us in the village," explained Marike Gobay, the former head of the health centre in Bibida Sub-district, Papua province. “I have enormous hopes for the BANGGA Papua program because I have seen firsthand how it helped increase awareness about good nutrition practices for mothers. They also received the money to buy nutritious food for their children."
Syuru is a village located on the southern edge of the town of Agats, the capital of Asmat district in Papua. Just a 10-minute walk from the centre of Agats. Syuru is similar to other areas in Asmat district, built on a swamp, muddy and affected by tides. Most of the villagers earn their living as fishermen and farmers.
“Data is the basis of development planning, as well as the proof of development,” explains Hengky Veky Tewu, who is an assistant regional secretary of South Manokwari district, in Papua Barat. Unfortunately, according to Hengky, good data is a luxury for many areas of Papua and Papua Barat.
The LANDASAN Program aims to improve the quality of basic services and access of people in Papua and West Papua to basic services in the fields of health, education and quality civil registration. Activities undertaken in the January-March 2020 period include finalisation of the village target for the implementation of SAIK +, training of cadres and SAIK + institutional training, and the creation of a synergy module for village planning with service units.
This report contains communication activities carried out to support the BANGGA Papua program in the January-April 2020 period. Activities undertaken in this period include: creating documentary videos, enumerator training, and production of communication media prototypes.
The October-December 2019 period is the second quarter of the implementation of LANDASAN in the new design. Some essential activities to start the initial sequence of the synergy model cycle, as well as activities related to Civil Registration and Vital Statistic (CRVS) were the main activities in this period. Besides, the involvement and support of operations in coordination with the KOMPAK National Team and KOMPAK Papua and Papua Barat were also part of the plan of the LANDASAN team in this period.