East Java is the second most populous province in Indonesia with a population of 39.3 million people. Comparatively, East Java is one of the better performing provinces in Indonesia.
The poverty rate in East Java is 11%, slightly above the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018). While the poverty rate is almost on par with the national average, East Java has the highest number of people living in poverty for KOMPAK’s target provinces. An estimated 4.3 million people live in poverty, more than all the other KOMPAK provinces combined.
KOMPAK in East Java
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the Provincial Government of East Java and four districts: Bondowoso, Lumajang, Pacitan and Trengggalek.
KOMPAK’s support to East Java Province for 2019-2022 focuses on kecamatan and village strengthening, public financial management, civil registration and vital statistics, basic health services, and local economic development. KOMPAK also supports the district and provincial governments to implement the National Strategy for Stunting Prevention.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in East Java include:
Operationalising the Ministry of Home Affairs Strategy for Village Apparatus Capacity Development (PKAD), particularly through piloting village government facilitators at the sub-district-level to support village governance.
Developing a pilot to support midwives track and assist pregnant women and new mothers, enabling regular follow up for ante- and post-natal care.
Contributions towards improvements in civil registration and vital statistics, such as using supporting villages to fund, engage and train village registration officers.
Providing technical assistance to district governments on integrating the minimum service standards for health and education into planning and budgeting documents and using poverty analysis tools to better target social protection programs.
Expanding coverage and use of the village information system and kecamatan dashboard so that villages are able to better plan and prioritise services.
“Serving the community and witnessing people getting the help that they need is a remarkable thing”, said Ardian.
The Australian Government through KOMPAK program supports the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) to develop Technical Assistance module on “Capacity of Sub-district to Eradicate Poverty through Basic Services and Productive Economy”, as part of the GOI Frontline Strategy.
In Indonesia, basic services are a mandatory function of regional governments as mandated by Law No. 23/2014 regarding Regional Governance. The managements of the basic services put their frontline service points in the sub-districts. These services include Junior High Schools (SMP), Community Health Centers (PHC), and personnel assigned to assist with administrative services. As a regional government agency (OPD) closest to the community, sub-districts can play an important role in ensuring that their citizens can access basic services.
SIBUBA Infographic 2022
The online Village Authority-Based Population Administration Service (LABKD) service features and the matching of population data with DTKS at SAID were introduced in Bondowoso Regency in August 2019. This increase was carried out by the Regional Government of Bondowoso Regency with the support of Community Collaboration and Services for Welfare (KOMPAK), a partnership program between the Governments of Indonesia and Australia.
The list of recipients of social assistance that has not been validated often excludes eligible residents in Ambulu Village, Bondowoso, East Java. Village officials, the Bondowoso Regency Government, and KOMPAK collaborated to verify, validate, and match population data with data from the central government. Now, the distribution of government aid and development plans is more inclusive and on target thanks to accurate data that is connected to various population data.
TAPE MANIS gives a new hope to the poor residents of Bondowoso who have not received any social assistance in the last two years. Before TAPE MANIS existed, these residents had nowhere to ask for help.
Learning that many residents still faced difficulties accessing basic services due to the limited village infrastructure, PEKKA Foundation in collaboration with KOMPAK and several government agencies organised KLIK-PEKKA program, to let the residents conveyed their concerns with utter zeal to the resource persons and managed to come to their solutions.
Expectant mothers with high-risk pregnancies in Bondowoso can now enjoy better-suited maternal healthcare services. The Mother and Infant Information System (SIBUBA) allows the village midwives to monitor each pregnancy accurately and swiftly. This innovation from the Bondowoso District Government and KOMPAK also interfaces with the Village Administration and Information System (SAID). Hence, each party can participate in monitoring high-risk pregnancies and use the data to plan and budget for maternal and neonatal welfare.
Mulyono (60), a red ginger farmer from Pule Village, Pule Sub-District, Trenggalek District, has high hopes for being a trained farmer of BUMDESMA Sari Bumi, a joint village-owned enterprise. “Now I know how to properly grow good red ginger. In the past, one bag of seeds only yielded about 5 kg of gingers, now it has tripled to 15 kg. Naturally, my income has also increased,” he explained.
Since 2019, KOMPAK and SEKNAS FITRA have been piloting a community feedback mechanism, known as ‘Posko Aspirasi’ in 33 villages. The results from Tangkil village in Trenggalek district, East Java, show promising improvements.
“I am a PTPD Facilitator. We provide support to villages on developing and evaluating their APB Desa [Village Budgets]. We also assist villages use tools to help them with their planning and budgeting,” explained Darmujiadi, who provides technical support to village governments. He is based at the Pangul Sub-District Office in Trenggalek district, East Java.
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been providing support to the Pacitan District Government in East Java to establish village information systems. KOMPAK initially set up the systems in two sub-districts, and the success of this pilot has led the district government to expand to all villages in the district. Pacitan now has 100 percent coverage of village information systems, all funded by local governments.
Salim, a 65-year-old from Ngumbul village, Pacitan district, East Java, never had a birth certificate until a few months ago. “Previously, nobody at home had a birth certificate, including my children and grandchildren. We didn’t know the importance of one to help us access services from the government,” said Salim.
On a beautiful morning, village administrators were preparing to conduct a coordination meeting at the Village Meeting Hall in Glingseran, Wringin Sub-District, Bondowoso District, East Java. The meeting was called to discuss the development of tourism in the village, which had recently become a popular destination in the District.
Christina Ambarwati, Head of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection Division, Trenggalek District Social Agency
The SEPEDA KEREN monitoring and evaluation guide is a tool to guide various parties to see the progress and impact of the SEPEDA KEREN Program. SEPEDA KEREN is an acronym for Sekolah Perempuan with Disabilities, Children and Other Vulnerable Groups. This program is defined as an effort that is carried out in a planned, structured and systematic way to realize the empowerment and independence of women, disabilities, children and other vulnerable groups.
The SIBUBA-P4K guide is a cross-sectoral reference from the village, sub-district, to district levels for planning, implementing, as well as monitoring and evaluating the implementation of P4K through the use of SIBUBA data. The use of the SIBUBA application in the implementation of P4K in all villages is expected to contribute significantly to the acceleration of the decline in MMR.
The Mother and Baby Information System (SIBUBA) is a data collection and monitoring system for pregnant women and mothers in labor. This initiative is KOMPAK's support in Bondowoso Regency to reduce infant and maternal mortality cases. This model emphasizes the importance of data collection, tagging (level of risk), and funding. In terms of data collection, the data collected includes physical data on pregnant women, previous delivery history, vaccination history, and congenital diseases suffered, delivery planning, and distribution of pregnant women according to the level of risk. The existence of a system increases the opportunity for the availability of accurate and timely data. In terms of marking, related village elements such as the PKK Team, Pokja P4K Team, Posyandu cadres were involved in marking the houses of pregnant women with a risk of pregnancy. In terms of funding, financing schemes during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period are also a concern of the actors involved, especially in ensuring the existence of health insurance for mothers from pre-prosperous families. Learning from this replication guide, it is hoped that stakeholders can optimize the use of data and monitoring in an effort to prevent the risk of pregnant women and childbirth in their area.