Aceh is located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra, with a population of 5.2 million people. Aceh has made a remarkable recovery after a long period of armed conflict and the 2004 earthquake and tsunami that killed more than 160,000 people.
Poverty in Aceh has declined from 20% in 2010 to 16% in 2018, but is still above the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018). The Aceh Provincial Government manages funds (per capita) far greater than the national average and this has contributed to reducing poverty and improving basic services, but disparities – particularly in remote areas – are an ongoing challenge.
KOMPAK in Aceh
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the Provincial Government of Aceh and three districts: Aceh Barat, Bener Meriah and Bireuen.
KOMPAK’s support to Aceh Province from 2019 to 2022 focuses on kecamatan and village strengthening, public financial management, civil registration and vital statistics, basic health services, and local economic development. KOMPAK also supports the district and provincial governments to implement the National Strategy for Stunting Prevention.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Aceh include:
Operationalising the Ministry of Home Affairs Strategy for Village Apparatus Capacity Development (PKAD), particularly through piloting village government facilitators at the sub-district-level to support village governance.
Contributions towards improvements in civil registration and vital statistics, such as using supporting villages to fund, engage and train village registration officers.
Conducting an evaluation on Special Autonomy (Otsus) Fund utilisation between 2008-2017 and supporting the provincial government to enact the recommendations.
Assistance to the provincial government to strengthen planning and budgeting of Otsus Funds for the period of 2020-2027, including piloting a new e-planning and budgeting system to better link provincial and district government agencies.
Supporting the Paradigta Academy to train and mentor women from villages to take more active roles in local government, village councils and women’s groups.
Expanding coverage and use of the village information system and kecamatan dashboard so that villages are able to better plan and prioritise services.
Three of the public service innovations in Aceh, such as LADG through the existence of PRG, Market Linkages, and the SIGAP digital public service system were featured in the Aceh Inspiration Forum with the theme “Innovation and Synergy in Poverty Alleviation toward Great Aceh”, which was held on Wednesday, 12 January 2022.
The Health Office of Bener Meriah District, together with KOMPAK, conducted a focus group discussion for midwives from 13 Public Health Centres or Puskesmas on August 6, 2019. The purpose of the focus group discussions was to get input and feedback from midwives who have used the Bidan Sehati application so that it can be refined in the next version.
The Government of Aceh Province launched an integrated e-planning and e-budgeting application creating one system for the province and districts to be used, making the management of activities and budgets simpler, and more efficient and effective
KOMPAK-CRVS Implementation Stories in Aceh Province
Regional Incentive Funds, or abbreviated as DID, are part of the Transfer to Regions and Village Funds (TKDD) sourced from the State Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBN) to certain regions based on certain criteria/categories with the aim of rewarding improvements and/or achievements certain performance in the areas of regional financial governance, public government services, basic public services, and public welfare. The DID assessment indicators (for recipient selection purposes) are basically indicators of regional development performance which are the responsibility of all regional apparatus from various levels of government in the region. However, many regions do not understand the indicators and procedures for calculating DID, so the opportunity to increase funding capacity through DID is not fully utilized.
Aceh Program Catalog
One of the strategies implemented to improve DID performance is the regular coordination with relevant Regional Apparatus Organisations.
Water hyacinth thrives in Gampong Kubu. This wild plant grows very fast and can harm the environment. In large numbers, water hyacinth blocks the flow of ditches and can cause flooding. Gampong residents used to consider water hyacinth as a noxious weed
Since program of SEPAKAT presence, which was facilitated by Bappenas in collaboration with KOMPAK and the World Bank, the Bireuen District Government has easily to assist found poverty reduction solutions for their respective areas through independent analysis.
It was used to be quite hampering for village apparatus to coordinate and consult with the district government because of offices distance. However, the situation is much different, the gampong apparatus is now able to solve various administrative problems in gampong independently.
With completing the legal identity documents which facilitated by Gampong Registration Officer, residents of Bireuen now are able to access basic public services and other government programs, which may reinforce poverty eradication efforts.
By strengthening the role of the sub-district, KOMPAK has helped Bener Meriah District in Aceh reduce the approval process for the APBDes – the Indonesian term for village budget documents – from over three months to about a week.
The Bener Meriah District Government together with the Community Collaboration and Services for Welfare (KOMPAK) have initiated an incentive-based village performance appraisal model. One of the objectives of this village performance assessment is to implement a form of regional decentralization from the district to the village so as to bring closer access and improve the quality of services for residents down to the village level. One of the roles of local governments in the implementation of decentralization is through optimizing the roles and resources at the regional level, both human resources and financial resources.
Since 2018-2019, KOMPAK together with DPMG Aceh and KOMINSA Aceh have developed the Gampong Information System (SIGAP) application versions 1.1 and 1.5 to support the village development planning process, village administration and supra-village. This development was carried out as a follow-up to the mandate of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages, in Part Three Article 86, namely Village Information Systems and Rural Area Development. The development and expansion of the use of the application will continue to be carried out by DPMG Aceh and DISKOMINSA Aceh until 2020, with a commitment to improve the functions and benefits that will be obtained by gampongs, sub-districts, district/city governments, and the Aceh government through the redevelopment of the Aceh SIGAP application from version 1.5 to version 1.7.5. This development aims to optimize menus, sub menus, features, and datasets as well as support sharing of data utilization through the import of Integrated Social Welfare Data (DTKS), and Village Development Information System (SIPEDE) data, as well as completeness of population data from the Population Main Book (BIP). into the SIGAP application version 1.7.5 which continues to process for optimizing services to the community.
This study is aimed at evaluating the UMD model in order to get the main learning points for increasing the effectiveness and dissemination of the UMD model in the future. The evaluation was carried out in three provinces, Aceh, East Java, and South Sulawesi where KOMPAK had supported the previous UMD model KKN trials. During the trial, the universities that received support were the Ar-Raniry State Islamic University (UIN) Banda Aceh in Aceh, Jember University (UNEJ) in East Java, Parahyangan Catholic University in West Java and UIN Alauddin Makassar in South Sulawesi. In South Sulawesi, the scope of this evaluation was expanded to see lessons learned in the implementation of the UMD model of KKN in Pangkajene and Islands (Pangkep) districts which specifically received technical support from KOMPAK. The Pangkep Government has signed an agreement on the implementation of the Thematic KKN UMD with a number of universities and invited KKN students from UNEJ to implement the UMD model. In this evaluation, the research team interviewed 61 respondents (40 male respondents, 21 female respondents), and made direct observations in seven villages in three provinces where UMD activities were carried out by University partner.