Aceh is located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra, with a population of 5.2 million people. Aceh has made a remarkable recovery after a long period of armed conflict and the 2004 earthquake and tsunami that killed more than 160,000 people.
Poverty in Aceh has declined from 20% in 2010 to 16% in 2018, but is still above the national average of 9.8% (BPS, 2018). The Aceh Provincial Government manages funds (per capita) far greater than the national average and this has contributed to reducing poverty and improving basic services, but disparities – particularly in remote areas – are an ongoing challenge.
KOMPAK in Aceh
Since 2016, KOMPAK has been supporting the Provincial Government of Aceh and three districts: Aceh Barat, Bener Meriah and Bireuen.
KOMPAK’s support to Aceh Province from 2019 to 2022 focuses on kecamatan and village strengthening, public financial management, civil registration and vital statistics, basic health services, and local economic development. KOMPAK also supports the district and provincial governments to implement the National Strategy for Stunting Prevention.
Highlights of KOMPAK’s support in Aceh include:
Operationalising the Ministry of Home Affairs Strategy for Village Apparatus Capacity Development (PKAD), particularly through piloting village government facilitators at the sub-district-level to support village governance.
Contributions towards improvements in civil registration and vital statistics, such as using supporting villages to fund, engage and train village registration officers.
Conducting an evaluation on Special Autonomy (Otsus) Fund utilisation between 2008-2017 and supporting the provincial government to enact the recommendations.
Assistance to the provincial government to strengthen planning and budgeting of Otsus Funds for the period of 2020-2027, including piloting a new e-planning and budgeting system to better link provincial and district government agencies.
Supporting the Paradigta Academy to train and mentor women from villages to take more active roles in local government, village councils and women’s groups.
Expanding coverage and use of the village information system and kecamatan dashboard so that villages are able to better plan and prioritise services.
The Health Office of Bener Meriah District, together with KOMPAK, conducted a focus group discussion for midwives from 13 Public Health Centres or Puskesmas on August 6, 2019. The purpose of the focus group discussions was to get input and feedback from midwives who have used the Bidan Sehati application so that it can be refined in the next version.
The Government of Aceh Province launched an integrated e-planning and e-budgeting application creating one system for the province and districts to be used, making the management of activities and budgets simpler, and more efficient and effective
This year, across KOMPAK locations and partners our teams celebrated and showed commitment to International Women’s Day in a number of ways. Teams took photos holding their commitment slogan in all KOMPAK locations, integrated discussions on gender equality in to existing events and in Jakarta our team held a bazaar to sell handicrafts and products made by the amazing women from the PEKKA (Women Heads of Family Organization) community.
Innovation of ball pick-up services to educate and to increase the scope of ownership of population documents for vulnerable community groups.
Innovation in discovering sustainable economic potential which carried out through collaborative Community Service programs (KKN) to reactivate neglected village assets.
By strengthening the role of the sub-district, KOMPAK has helped Bener Meriah District in Aceh reduce the approval process for the APBDes – the Indonesian term for village budget documents – from over three months to about a week.
This study is aimed at evaluating the UMD model in order to get the main learning points for increasing the effectiveness and dissemination of the UMD model in the future. The evaluation was carried out in three provinces, Aceh, East Java, and South Sulawesi where KOMPAK had supported the previous UMD model KKN trials. During the trial, the universities that received support were the Ar-Raniry State Islamic University (UIN) Banda Aceh in Aceh, Jember University (UNEJ) in East Java, Parahyangan Catholic University in West Java and UIN Alauddin Makassar in South Sulawesi. In South Sulawesi, the scope of this evaluation was expanded to see lessons learned in the implementation of the UMD model of KKN in Pangkajene and Islands (Pangkep) districts which specifically received technical support from KOMPAK. The Pangkep Government has signed an agreement on the implementation of the Thematic KKN UMD with a number of universities and invited KKN students from UNEJ to implement the UMD model. In this evaluation, the research team interviewed 61 respondents (40 male respondents, 21 female respondents), and made direct observations in seven villages in three provinces where UMD activities were carried out by University partner.
The Aceh Population Registration Service Together KOMPAK has initiated a Population Administration Service Model based on Gampong Authority through the Role of Gampong Registration Officers since 2017 in 3 districts, West Aceh, Bener Meriah and Bireuen. In its implementation, this model has succeeded in increasing the coverage rate for birth certificates and death certificates. This Guidebook is expected to assist the Aceh Population and Registration Office and the Regency / City Population and Civil Registration Service in training Gampong Registration Officers in districts.
This note draws on a longitudinal study (Sentinel Villages) that investigated the patterns of participation, transparency and accountability under Village Law between 2015 and 2018. The findings from this research indicate that, since the introduction of Village Law, levels of community participation in village meetings (musdes), while relatively stable, continue to be low at around 16%. Participation patterns are also not broad-based and inclusive, with participation mostly from the elites (male, well off and socially engaged), and limited participation from women or other marginalized groups. Since 2014, village governments have improved on key metrics of transparency, disclosing and sharing more information. However, there was an overall low level of awareness at the village level on village programs, budgets, and plans. Under Village Law, systems of upward accountability and reporting have been strengthened. This has not been matched with similar progress on systems of downward (social) accountability to the community. Strengthening participation, transparency and accountability, necessitates each actor to play its role effectively, and particularly realising the full potential and role of the village community, facilitators, and the Village Council (Badan Permusyawarahan Desa or BPD).