Universitas Membangun Desa (UMD)-Unpar: Developing Village Database through Students Community Service

The KKN (Kuliah Kerja Nyata/community service for university students) is an untapped potential for rural poverty alleviation in Indonesia. Properly done, this national educational scheme, involving more than 3,000 universities and higher institutions all over the country, has potential to have a positive impact on the lives of the poor villagers. To do so, however, requires the support and collaboration of various parties, in addition to well-defined strategic objectives and outcomes.

The Universitas Membangun Desa (UMD or University Builds the Village Program), initiated by KOMPAK with support of the Australian Government, aims to do just that. The objective of UMD is to mobilise existing resources to generate greater impact on villages, community members and local government where KKN activities are conducted. It is an innovative platform, bringing together universities, local government and community members to utilise KKN or similar schemes for rural development. 

In 2016, four universities were selected through an open competition to become pilot projects; Universitas Katolik Parahyangan, Universitas Jember, UIN Ar Raniry Aceh, and UIN Alauddin Makassar. Although the involvement of universities in community development is not a brand-new initiative, the UMD is specifically designed for longer term impact. One such model is the Thematic KKN focusing on improving the basic service delivery, village data and information system, and local employment opportunities. The university students involved in the UMD program - which has been implemented in 18 villages and 4 provinces, with 614 students - were selected based on particular criteria. KOMPAK assisted in the program design and implementation at the respective universities, facilitated the collaboration with the local government, and conducted regular evaluation to ensure the program was implemented as planned.

Another example is the KKL-BBM (Students Service for Community Learning), organized in every term by the Public Administration Department of Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. To emphasise the importance of this community service, the department offered it as a required course with three credits. During July- August 2016, 64 students implemented KKL-BLM in three villages,; Mekarluyu, Mekarwangi and Sudalarang, in Sukawening Sub-district, Garut, West Java.  The KKL-BLM theme focused on "Assisting IT Data Collection and Updating” in the three villages, which the students carried out in groups. 

This book consists of two main parts. The first section presents the population and social economic data analysis in the three villages. The data was collected through a questionnaire instrument drafted based on the Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 12/2007 on Guidelines for Drafting and Utilizing the Village and Sub-district Profile Data. It addition to a descriptive statistical analysis method, some cross-tabulations were also performed according to the specific village needs for development planning and evaluation. The second section contains the students’ short reflections on their community service experiences, where they were required to focus on three main issues;  the interaction dynamics, process dynamics and impacts for the students and the community. The interaction dynamics section reviews the students’ experiences interacting or socialising with their fellow students and the villagers, while the process section includes the program stages and the challenges they faced. As for the impact, this relates to the tangible and intangible impacts for both the students and the community. To help the readers fully understand the rest of the book, the introductory segment briefly explains the framework and the operationalisation of the KKL-BBM as a community service program.


The main research report of the study is available here.

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